Power

The Power & Energy Infrastructure sector in India is poised for a major take-off. There has seen an addition of around 22,000 MW during last five years. And during the next five years, a capacity addition of over 78,000 MW has to be setup by 2012. A commitment of 15,600 MW capacity addition per annum).

Transmission

Transmission of electricity is defined as bulk transfer of power over a long distance at a high voltage, generally of 132 KV and above. In India bulk transmission has increased from 3708 ckm in 1950 to more than 265,000 ckm today. Transmission of electricity is defined as bulk transfer of power over a long distance at a high voltage, generally of 132 KV and above. In India bulk transmission has increased from 3708 ckm in 1950 to more than 265,000 ckm today. The entire country has been divided into five regions for transmission systems, namely Northern Region, North Eastern Region, Eastern Region, Southern Region and Western Region. The interconnected transmission system within each region is also called the regional grid.

The transmission system planning in the country, in the past, had traditionally been linked to generation projects as part of the evacuation system. Ability of the power system to safely withstand a contingency without generation rescheduling or load-shedding was the main criteria for planning the transmission system.

While the predominant technology for electricity transmission and distribution has been Alternating Current (AC) technology, High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) technology has also been used for interconnection of all regional grids across the country and for bulk transmission of power over long distances.

Distribution

the initiative of the Government of India and of the States, the Accelerated Power Development & Reform Programme (APDRP) was launched in 2001, for the strengthening of Sub � Transmission and Distribution network and reduction in AT&C losses.

The main objective of the programme was to bring Aggregate Technical & Commercial (AT&C) losses below 15% in five years in urban and in high-density areas. The programme, along with other initiatives of the Government of India and of the States, has led to reduction in the overall AT&C loss from 38.86% in 2001-02 to 34.54% in 2005-06. The commercial loss of the State Power Utilities reduced significantly during this period from Rs. 29331 Crore to Rs. 19546 Crore. The loss as percentage of turnover was reduced from 33% in 2000-01 to 16.60% in 2005-06.

Rural Electrification

Rural Electrification is a vital programme for socio-economic development of rural areas. The objectives are to trigger econimic development and generate employment by providing electricity as an input for productive uses in agriculture and rural industries, and improve the quality of life of the rural people by supplying electicity for lighting of homes, shops, community centres and public places in all villages.

Scope

India has embarked on massive capacity addition plans in the power sector, which is expected to require about USD 300-400 billion investment during the 12th Five-Year Plan.

The country's fast growing power sector has the potential to create as many as 600,000 jobs during the 12th Five Year Plan period (2012-17).

According to the report the power sector, vital for good economic growth, is projected to see a capacity addition of about 100,000 MW during 2012-17 period. "To set up about 100,000 MW we need about 200,000 people for construction of power plants. "For operation and maintenance, generation transmission and distribution, there is a requirement of 400,000 people during the 12th Five-Year Plan.”

There is an estimated requirement of four lakh technical persons for the power sector during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2018-22).

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